Monday, October 10, 2011

Martin luther King Jr. " Who Fight For Equality"







Birth: 5th Jan 1929, Atlanta,Georgia U.S.
Father's Name: Martin Luther King, Sr.
Mother's Name: Alberta willams King.
Death: 4th April 1968, Memphis,Tennessee, U.S.


He was born as Michael Luther King but later had his name changed to Martin. Because he wanted to become like his dad. So he acquires his father's name Martin. He was middle child of his parents. He had an elder sister and younger brother. His grandfather, Father and he also were the pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.

Martin attended Booker T. Washington High School. He was a precocious student thats why he skip ninth and the twelfth grade and entered Morehouse College at the age of 15 without formally graduating from high school. In 1948, he became graduate with B.A. degree in Sociology. He had a great hobby to read. On some day he was reading in library on the same table there was a lady Coretta Scott infront of him. Later she became his wife in 1953. They had four children. In 1954, when he was 25 years old, became Pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.Later he began doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University and received his doctor of Philosophy on June 5, 1955.

In December 1955, he accept the leadership of the first nigro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man. So, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, urged and planned byNixon and led by King. The boycott lasted for 385 days. During those days King was arrested and his house was bombed. At last, Supreme Court of the United States declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals.

In 1957, he was elected president of the Southern Christian Conference. In the eleven year period between 1957 to 1968, Martin Luther King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twentyfive hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest and action. He wrote five books and as well so many artiicles. He directed the peaceful march on Washington D.C. of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address , 'I Have a Dream', he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and Compaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson.

He was awarded at least fifty honorary degrees from colleges and universities in the U. S. and elsewhere. He was the youngest man to have received the Noble Peace Prize. In almost fifty U.S. states, celebrates the Martin Luther King Jr. Day on 3rd monday of January to honor King.

On March 29, 1968, King went to Memphis, Tennessee for some work. When he was stood in the balcony of the motel on 4th April 1968. A shot sound out and the bullet entered through King's cheek, smashing his jaw, then traveled down his spinal cord. He fell down on the floor. After an emergency chest surgery king was pronounced dead at St. Joseph's Hospital at 7.05 pm.

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